In 1996 a civil war broke out in the western region of Nepal when the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) rebelled against the monarchy. A decade-long armed conflict followed, which ended with the Comprehensive Peace Accord in 2006. After many years of protracted negotiations, 2015, Parliament passed a highly contested new constitution. Concentrating our survey on the region where the civil war started and fought most violently, we want to find out how the population assesses the quality of peace and threats to security a decade after the end of the war. The survey also includes questions about media consumptions, opinions toward press freedom and civil liberties to evaluate links between media exposure ad perceptions of peace.
In May 2018 we surveyed roughly 2,000 respondents across 10 districts in the western Terai and hill provinces 5, 6, and 7 (highlighted red in the map). The survey is representative at the district level and included a wide range of questions on the perceptions of security and stability, the security forces and on media consumption. It was implemented by our local partner Sharecast Initiative Nepal.
The survey was supplemented with semi-structured interviews with former members of the security apparatus, journalists and civil society representatives.